Glossary

A

AA1000
International Assurance Standard for measuring and reporting ethical performance. The AccountAbility Principles Standard 2008 (AA1000APS) is based on the principles of inclusivity, materiality and responsiveness, which means the collaborative participation of stakeholders and organisations in defining and achieving ‘an accountable and strategic response to sustainability’ issues
ABC
Anti-Bribery and Corruption
ABCMS
Anti-Bribery and Corruption Management System
ALARP
As Low as Reasonably Practicable
API
American Petroleum Institute

B

BAP
Biodiversity Action Plan
Board
The Board of Directors of Cairn Energy
BOEMRE
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement
BOP
Blow-Out Preventer
BRINDEX
Association of UK Independent Oil and Gas Exploration Companies
BRMS
Business Risk Management System
Business Principles Group CR
Business Principles that describe Cairn’s fundamental values and approach to managing CR issues in its business

C

Cairn
The Company and/or its subsidiaries as appropriate
Cairn (excluding Cairn India)
The Company and/or its subsidiaries excluding Cairn India Limited and/or its subsidiaries
Cairn India
Cairn India Limited and/or its subsidiaries as appropriate
CAVA
Cairn Adding Value Award
CEO
Chief Executive Officer
CFO
Chief Financial Officer
CHARM
Chemical Hazard and Risk Management
CO2
Carbon dioxide – a greenhouse gas
CO2e
Carbon dioxide equivalent
Company
Cairn Energy
COO
Chief Operating Officer
COP
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Conference of the Parties
CR
Corporate Responsibility
CRMS
Corporate Responsibility Management System
Critical Path Analysis
Analysis of key tasks which may cause a project to fail or be adversely affected in terms of delivery
CRR
Corporate Responsibility Report
CSR
Corporate Social Responsibility
CSS
Capping Stack System

D

DECC
Department of Energy and Climate Change
DEEC
Direction de l'Environnement et des Établissements Classés (English: Directorate of Environment and Classified Establishments; Senegal)

E

E&P
Exploration and Production
EAA
Environmental Area Assessment
EAC
(House of Commons) Environmental Audit Committee
EBL
Environmental Baseline Survey
EEMS
European Environmental Monitoring System
EIA
Environmental Impact Assessment – a study assessing the environmental impact of a proposed activity or a major change proposed to current activity, which concludes with a management plan for the control of any identified significant impacts
EIRIS
Ethical Investment Research and Information Service
EITI
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
ERP
Emergency Response Procedures
ESG
Environmental, Social and Governance
ESIA
Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
ET
Executive Team
EU
European Union
EVP
Employee Value Proposition

F

Float Analysis
the amount of time that a task in a project network can be delayed without causing a delay to subsequent tasks or the project as a whole

G

GHG
Greenhouse gas – six greenhouse gases are listed in the Kyoto Protocol (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride); carbon dioxide and methane are the most significant to Cairn's activities
GOIA
Greenland Oil and Gas Industry Association
GRI
Global Reporting Initiative
Group
Cairn Energy and/or its subsidiaries as appropriate

H

HASSMAR
La Haute Autorite Charge de la Coordination de la Securite Maritime (Senegalese maritime safety and emergency response authority
HAZID
Hazard identification
HR
Human Resources
HRIA
Human Rights Impact Assessment
HSE
Health, Safety and Environment
HSES
Health, Safety, Environment and Security
HSS
Health, Safety and Security

I

IBA
Impact Benefit Agreement
IEA
International Energy Agency
IFC
International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group
IIP
Investors in People
IMO
International Maritime Organisation. The IMO is the United Nations' agency responsible for improving maritime safety and preventing pollution from ships
IOGP
International Association of Oil & Gas Producers – a worldwide association of oil and gas companies involved in exploration and production of hydrocarbons
IOOA
Ireland Offshore Operators Association
IP
Investment Proposal
IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPIECA
International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association
ISO 26000
International Standard for Guidelines for Social Responsibility
IT
Information Technology
IUCN
International Union for Conservation of Nature

J

JIP
Joint Industry Project
JNCC
Joint Nature Conservation Committee
JV
Joint venture

K

km
Kilometres
KPI
Key Performance Indicator

L

LPI
Leading Performance Indicator – indicator of activity used to assist in preventing or reducing the occurrence of an undesirable event (e.g. training)
Lagging Performance Indicator
indicator which gives information about change after an undesirable event has happened (e.g. lost time incident frequency rate)
LRP
Livelihoods Restoration Plan
LTI
Lost Time Injury – a fatality or Lost Work Day Case
LTIF
Lost Time Injury Frequency – the number of Lost Time Injuries (fatalities + Lost Work Day Cases) recorded for a group of workers per million hours worked
LWDC
Lost Work Day Cases – any work related injury, other than a fatal injury, which results in a person being unfit for work on any day after the day of occurrence of the occupational injury. 'Any day' includes rest days, weekend days, leave days, public holidays, or days after ceasing employment (IOGP)

M

m3
cubic metres
MARPOL
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
MMO
Marine Mammal Observer
MODU
Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
MT
Management Team
MTC
Medical Treatment Case – a case that is not severe enough to be reported as a fatality or Lost Work Day Case or Restricted Work Day Case but is more severe than requiring simple first aid treatment

N

NGO
Non-governmental organisation
NOx
A mixture of oxides of nitrogen – emission of these gases can contribute to acid rain and other air-quality problems

O

OCNS
Offshore Chemical Notification Scheme
OLF
Norwegian Oil and Gas Association
ONHYM
Morocco's Office National des Hydrocarbures et des Mines
OSPAR
OSPAR is the mechanism by which 15 governments of the western coasts and catchments of Europe, together with the European Community, cooperate to protect the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic
OSPCP
Oil Spill Prevention and Contingency Plan
OSCP
Oil Spill Contingency Plan
OSRL
Oil Spill Response Limited

P

PCDP
Public Consultation and Disclosure Plan
PDP
Project Delivery Process, the Company’s Project Delivery Process, or ‘gated process’ sets out the project requirements at key stages of each project and ensures that project CR requirements, risks and mitigation measures are understood at each decision point
PLONOR
Chemicals which Pose Little or No Risk
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment
Precautionary approach
An expression of a need by decision-makers to anticipate harm before it occurs. It is the responsibility of a proponent of an activity to establish that it will not (or is very unlikely to) result in significant harm

R

RAP
Resettlement Action Plan
RWDC
Restricted Work Day Case – any work-related injury other than a fatality or Lost Work Day Case which results in a person being unfit for full performance of the regular job on any day after the occupational injury. Work performed might be an assignment to a temporary job, part-time work at the regular job, continuation full-time in the regular job but not performing all the usual duties of the job. Where no meaningful restricted work is being performed, the incident is recorded as a Lost Work Day Case (LWDC).

S

SEA-PT
Shannon Estuary Anti-Pollution Team
SIA
Social Impact Assessment
SIRT
Sub-sea Incident Response Toolkit
SLT
Senior Leadership Team, consisting of a senior members the Management Team and the full Executive Team
SO2
Sulphur dioxide – emission
Social Investment
Pro-active contributions or actions taken by Cairn to help bring benefits to communities where we operate
SOP
Standard Operating Procedure
SOx
A mixture of oxides of sulphur
SWD
Seismic While Drilling

T

TRI
Total Recordable Injuries – the sum of fatalities + Lost Work Day Cases + Restricted Work Day Cases + medical treatment cases
TRIR
Total Recordable Injury Rate – the number of recordable injuries per million hours worked

U

UDHR
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
UK
United Kingdom
UN
United Nations
UNGC
United Nations Global Compact – a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with 10 universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption
UNESCO
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

V

VPSHR
Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

W

WBM
Water-Based Drilling Fluids (water-based mud)
WMC
Well Management Contractor
WEC
Well Engineering and Construction
WWF
World Wide Fund for Nature